Neurological disorders refer to health problems that result from a malfunction of the nervous system. The human nervous system is an intricate network consisting of the brain and spine, and includes millions of neurons that must function in a regulated manner. The slightest disruption in this complicated network can lead to neurological disorders that can arise for a variety of reasons.
For example, problems due to structural damage are usually seen when a person suffers a serious accident and there is an injury to the spinal cord or brain. This results in the most severe and life-threatening form of all Neurological Dubai – stroke. In a stroke, the patient is likely to lose consciousness and the blood supply to the brain and heart is compromised. Most people who suffer a stroke do not survive unless they receive immediate, emergency medical care.
The more common type of disturbance in this niche results from a disruption in the way electrical impulses are transmitted by neurons. It should be noted that the human nervous system is highly dependent on the proper transmission of small electrical impulses by neurons. This electrical network ensures that all body movements are harmonious and that the individual has absolute control over voluntary body movements. The most common example in this category is epilepsy. An epileptic patient is essentially an individual who has a tendency to suffer from repeated seizures. Each seizure is, in turn, a brief period in which impulses are conducted or relayed in an incorrect or abrupt manner.
The third and least diagnosed of all nervous system disorders are those that result from impaired synthesis or transmission of chemicals in the nervous system. Please note that the brain uses a specific group of chemicals called neurotransmitters. These are chemicals that are central to the synchronization between the central, autonomic and peripheral systems. One of the most common examples of such problems is depression or a chronic feeling of malaise. This occurs when one of the major mood-elevating neurotransmitters, called dopamine, is not produced in sufficient quantity or its uptake is impeded or it is processed too early, leaving the individual in a state of persistent sadness or depression.
There is little data to suggest that such problems have a race-, region-, or gender-specific preference, but some of the conditions are more likely to occur in a particular group of people. For example, many such disorders are more likely to be found in children. The best example of this is aphasia, which refers to difficulty speaking or pronouncing common words. However, such problems can be overcome through specific counseling and seeking the help of speech therapists or language professionals.
Several other trends are evident in this niche. For example, research suggests that morbidity due to such disorders is rare, but in many cases almost inevitable. Continuing with the above examples, when a stroke occurs, there is often little time to resuscitate the patient, while deaths due to depression or epilepsy can be controlled by timely medical and psychological intervention. Some neurological problems arise because of substance abuse, such as persistent drug use or when a person is chronically exposed to toxins. In this case, the condition is referred to as an “accidental neurological disorder,” which is rare and tends to occur only regionally.