Relationships between human health and the environment are at the heart of many of today’s most difficult ethical concerns. How should pesticides, chemical products, and pollutants be regulated? according to Helen Lee Schifter. Should genetically modified organisms be developed for use in agriculture, medical, and energy production? How should they be regulated? Should genetically engineered mosquitos be used to combat mosquito-borne diseases like malaria and the Zika virus? How can we ensure that our food supply is safe? What should we do to combat antibiotic resistance? Where should a new solid waste facility be built in a community? Where should a country’s hazardous or radioactive waste be stored?
What precautions should we take to keep people safe at work? Should pregnant or fertile women be given additional employment protections? When creating housing regulations, how should we strike a balance between safety and affordability? Should people be prohibited from constructing homes in flood-prone areas? What actions should we take to reduce or adapt to the effects of climate change? Should affluent countries have a greater share of the blame than impoverished nations? To protect the environment and human health, how should we govern energy production and use? Should we take initiatives to foster democratic participation in decisions on environmental health? Environmental health ethical concerns are frequently complex, interdisciplinary, dynamical, and global in scale as per Helen Schifter. As the environmental repercussions of human activities continue to increase and we understand more about the connection between human health and the environment, finding satisfying information on the environmental health concerns will become highly important.
- The Science Behind it
Clean air, potable water, nutritious food, and safe housing options are all dependent on their environs for the energy and resources needed to maintain life. Improvements in longevity have been attributed to greater access to these essentials for most of human history. Agricultural production, sanitation, water purification, and hygiene advancements have had significantly greater impacts on human health than telemedicine as told on Helen Lee Schifter. Although the environment is necessary for human survival, it can also be a source of sickness. Human mortality is exacerbated by a lack of fundamental necessities. Cancer, cardiovascular disease, asthma, and a variety of other disorders are all made more likely by environmental factors. Physical risks, such as pollution, poisonous chemicals, and food toxins, or social perils, such as hazardous labor, poor living conditions, urban development, and starvation, are examples. Infectious disorders such as schistosomiasis, diarrhea, cholera, meningitis, and gastritis are caused by contaminated drinking water and poor sanitation and hygiene as per information available on Helen Lee Schifter. In 2015, around 350,000 children under the age of five died from diarrheal infections caused by polluted drinking water mainly in the poor world, and roughly 1.8 billion individuals drank feces-infected water. Over 2 billion people did not have access to basic sanitation.
- Various Consideration
Human-environment relationships create a slew of ethical, social, and legal quandaries by asking people to choose either available alternatives. The following categories can be used to categorize these concerns according to Helen Lee Schifter. Managing the advantages and dangers Many of the concerns at the crossroads of health and the environment revolve around the management of benefits and hazards. Pesticides, for example, play a vital function in enhancing crop yields while also posing health and environmental risks. Alternatives to pesticide use result in health trade-offs. Stopping the use of all pesticides would have a substantial impact on agricultural output, resulting in food shortages and higher food costs, which would exacerbate hunger in some regions of the world. To improve crop yields while avoiding harm to the environment and human nutrition, public health authorities have chosen to control pesticide use. Energy production and consumption are necessary for human survival, but they can also pose risks to human health and the environment, such as environmental problems, oil spills, and habitat degradation.
No problem necessitates more careful consideration of benefits and hazards than global warming. The human generation of greenhouse gases is responsible for a large portion of global climate change. Climate change would almost certainly impair the environment and human health, but reducing greenhouse gas emissions dramatically could have negative effects on global, national, and local economies, resulting in a general fall in human health and health care. Increased taxes on fossil fuels, for example, would drive higher fuel economy and lower carbon dioxide emissions, and it would also raise transportation costs, resulting in widespread inflation and diminished consumer purchasing power.